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Do your little ones know how many countries there are? And, do they know about these countries’ flags? From early childhood, children are encouraged to learn about a myriad of different things like the alphabet , the numbers, or the animals, and even though these are such important topics, there are also some other aspects that need to be incorporated to their learning process. That’s the case with culture and geography knowledge. So, how can parents help their children learn about this? A good idea could be to start by talking about the different flags of the world and the countries that they belong to!

But, what is a flag? Flags are much more than just pieces of fabric, they are the representation of the country’s culture and history. In the early ages, flags were used to symbolize the different groups that lived in a territory. This habit transcended and, when the first territories were occupied and the first countries were established, flags were used to proclaim either the possession or the sovereignty of that land.

From this moment on, every country created its flag with specific colors and symbols that held a significant meaning to their history and culture and, sometimes, they changed if an important event for the country’s history happened. The most common symbols in flags are moons, stars, crosses, triangles, and squares.

Now, let’s see a list of flags of countries of the world and the different dependencies there are. 

American Flags

Now, let's see the flags of the 35 countries that are found in the Americas: North America, Central America, and South America, and also the flags of the different dependencies in this continent.

American Flags

Flags of dependencies or other territories in America

There are many dependencies and territories located in the American Continent. However, most of them have their own flags. Let's check them out.

Flags of Dependent Territories in America

European Flags 

There are 44 countries in Europe, let’s take a look at their flags, and also the flags of the different dependencies in the European continent.

European Flags

European Flags 2

African Flags

Let’s take a look at the different flags we can find in Africa's countries and dependencies.

African Flags 

African Flags 2

Asian Flags 

There are 48 countries in Asia, let’s see their flags and also the flags of the different dependencies that are in the Asian continent.

Asian Flags 

Asian Flags 2

Oceania Flags

Oceania has 14 countries and many dependencies on the continent, let’s see their flags.

Oceania Flags

List of Countries

Where are you from?

This is a question that’s frequently asked when meeting a new person, it’s also one of the first questions children learn, whether they’re native English speakers, and especially if they’re ESL students. During early education, children start by getting acquainted with their own city and the region they live in, and gradually they start to learn more about their country. However, it’s a great idea to start introducing them to the list of countries there are in the world, so they can start learning about the planet, the continents, and how the world is structured.

Of course, there are many different ways to answer to this question: “I’m from London” (a city), “I’m from Ohio” (a state), “I’m from Chile” (a country), or even “I’m from Asia” (a continent), it depends mostly on the context of the conversation. But, when getting to know people from different cultures, the main focus is to talk about what country are they from in order to know more about their cultural heritage and nationalities, information that can be used to spark conversation in the group.

Nevertheless, learning the countries and nationalities is not always such an easy task for the little ones since there are so many of these. Currently, there are 195 countries and 38 dependencies, which are territories that depend on other countries. Children might be more eager to learn this content through fun activities and games for kids, which allow them to learn at their own pace and to build up interest in the content.


Countries and Nationalities

Before your little one starts learning the about different countries, it would be a good idea to make sure to explain how the world is divided and what a country is. First, let’s explain the continents!

Continents are the largest masses of land that exist in the world, these are divided by bodies of water like seas, oceans or rivers. In the beginning, when the earth was formed, there was only one continent, it was called “Pangea”, but as millions of years passed, this supercontinent separated, forming the continents that exist today.

There are six main continents in the world: America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, and Antarctica, however, this last one is sometimes not considered as a continent because it’s inhabited. There’s also Oceania, which is the name given to the region formed by the Pacific Islands and Australia. However, nowadays these islands are considered a part of Asia. These continents are also subdivided, sometimes by regions and by countries, for example, the american continent is usually divided into North America, Central America, and South America.

After learning about the continents, let’s explain to the little ones about countries and nationalities. A country is a region where people live that has its own government, rules, and a define geographical area, like Peru, England or China. The people that inhabit a country could be part of that nation, or they could be from another country. When the people are part of a specific nation, they have that country’s nationality. For example, if a person is from Colombia, then that person’s nationality is Colombian, meaning that it shares a cultural heritage with the rest of the Colombian people.

Now that we’ve seen the definitions of these two words, let’s take a look at a list of countries and nationalities in English so our little ones can start expanding their geographical knowledge about the world. Since this content tends to be extended, let’s divide the countries and nationalities by the continents or regions where they’re located.

American Countries and Nationalities

Northern American Countries and Nationalities

Canada - Canadian

United States of America - American

South American Countries and Nationalities

Argentina - Argentinian

Bolivia - Bolivia

Brazil - Brazilian

Chile - Chilean

Colombia - Colombian

Ecuador - Ecuadorian

Guyana - Guyanese

Paraguay - Paraguayan

Peru - Peruvian

Suriname - Surinamer

Uruguay - Uruguayan

Venezuela - Venezuelan

Central American Countries and Nationalities

Belize - Belizean

Costa Rica - Costa Rican

El Salvador - Salvadoran

Guatemala - Guatemalan

Honduras - Honduran

Mexico - Mexican

Nicaragua - Nicaraguan

Panama - Panamanian

Caribbean Countries and Nationalities

Antigua and Barbuda- Antiguan/Barbudan

Bahamas - Bahamian

Barbados - Barbadian

Cuba - Cuban

Dominica - Dominiquais

Dominican Republic - Dominican

Grenada - Grenadian

Haiti - Haitian

Jamaica - Jamaican

Saint Kitts & Nevis - Kittian/Nevisian

Saint Lucia - Saint Lucian

St. Vincent & Grenadines - Vicentians

Trinidad and Tobago - Trinidadian/Tobagonian

Caribbean Dependencies and their Nationalities

Anguilla (U.K.) - Anguillan

Aruba (Netherlands) - Aruban

Bermuda (U.K.) - Bermudian

British Virgin Islands (U.K.) - Virgin Islander

Caribbean Netherlands (Netherlands) - Dutch

Cayman Islands (U.K.) - Caymanian

Curaçao (Netherlands) - Curaçaoan

Falkland Islands (U.K.) - Falkland Islander

French Guiana (France) - French Guianese

Greenland (Denmark) - Greenlander

Guadeloupe (France) - Guadeloupean

Martinique (France)  - Martiniquais(e)

Montserrat (U.K.) - Montserratian

Puerto Rico (U.S.A.) - Puerto Rican

Saint Pierre & Miquelon (France) - Saint Pierrais(e)/Miquelonnais(e)

Sint Maarten (Netherlands) - Saint Martinois(e)

Turks and Caicos (U.K.) - Turks and Caicos Islander

U.S. Virgin Islands (U.S.A.) - Virgin Islander

European Countries and Nationalities

Albania - Albanian

Andorra - Andorran

Austria - Austrian

Belarus - Belarusian

Belgium - Belgian

Bosnia & Herzegovina - Bosnian Herzegovinian

Bulgaria - Bulgarian

Croatia - Croatian

Czech Republic - Czech

Denmark - Danish

England (Part of U.K.) - English

Estonia - Estonian

Finland - Finnish

France - French

Germany - German

Greece - Greek

Holy See 

Hungary - Hungarian

Iceland - Icelander

Ireland - Irish

Italy - Italian

Latvia - Latvian

Liechtenstein - Liechtensteiner

Lithuania - Lithuanian

Luxembourg - Luxembourger

Malta - Maltese

Moldova - Moldovan

Monaco - Monacan

Montenegro - Montenegrin

Netherlands - Dutch

North Ireland (Part of U.K.) - Northern Irish

Norway - Norwegian

Poland - Polish

Portugal - Portuguese

Romania - Romanian

Russia - Russian

San Marino - Sammarinese

Serbia - Serbian

Scotland (Part of U.K.) - Scottish

Slovakia - Slovak

Slovenia - Slovenian

Spain - Spanish

Sweden - Swede

Switzerland - Swiss

TFYR Macedonia - Macedonian

U.K. - British

Ukraine - Ukranian

Wales (Part of U.K.) - Welsh

Dependencies or other territories in Europe and their nationalities

Channel Islands (U.K.) - Channel Islander

Faroe Islands (Denmark) - Faroese

Gibraltar (U.K.) - Gibraltarian

Isle of Man (U.K.) - Manx

African Countries and Nationalities

Nigeria - Nigerian

Ethiopia - Ethiopian

Egypt - Egyptian

DR Congo - Cogolese

Tanzania - Tanzanian

South Africa - South African

Kenya - Kenyan

Uganda - Ugandan

Algeria - Algerian

Sudan - Sudanese

Morocco - Moroccan

Angola - Angolan

Mozambique - Mozambicans

Ghana - Ghanaians

Madagascar - Malagasy

Ivory Coast - Ivorians

Cameroon - Cameroonian

Niger - Nigeriens

Burkina Faso - Burkinabé

Malawi - Malawian

Mali - Malian

Zambia - Zambian

Zimbabwe - Zimbabwean

Senegal - Senegalese

Chad - Chadian

Somalia - Somalian

Guinea - Guinean

South Sudan - South Sudanese

Rwanda - Rwandan

Tunisia - Tunisian

Benin - Beninese

Burundi - Burundian

Togo - Togolese

Sierra Leone - Sierra Leonean

Libya - Libyan

Congo - Congolese

Eritrea - Eritrean

Liberia - Liberian

Central African Republic - Central African

Mauritania - Mauritanian

Namibia - Namibian

Botswana - Motswana

Lesotho - Basotho

Gambia - Gambian

Gabon - Gabonese

Guinea-Bissau - Bissau-Guinean

Swaziland - Swazis

Equatorial Guinea - Equatoguinean

Mauritius - Mauritian

Djibouti - Djiboutian

Comoros - Comoronese

Cabo Verde - Cabo Verdeans

Sao Tome & Principe - Sao Tomeans

Seychelles - Seychellois

Dependencies in the African Continent

Réunion (France) - Réunionese

Western Sahara  - Sahrawis

Mayotte (France) - Moarais

Saint Helena (U.K.) - Saint Helenian(a)

Asian Countries and Nationalities

China - Chinese

India - Indian

Indonesia - Indonesian

Pakistan - Pakistani

Bangladesh - Bangladeshi

Japan - Japanese

Philippines - Filipino 

Vietnam  - Vietnamese

Iran - Iranian

Turkey - Turkish

Thailand - Thai

Myanmar - Burmese

South Korea - South Korean

Iraq - Iraqi

Afghanistan - Afghan

Saudi Arabia - Saudi

Uzbekistan - Uzbekistani

Malaysia - Malaysian

Nepal - Nepali

Yemen - Yemeni

North Korea - North Korean

Sri Lanka - Sri Lankan

Kazakhstan - Kazakhstani

Syria - Syrian

Cambodia - Cambodian

Azerbaijan - Azerbaijani

Jordan - Jordanian

United Arab Emirates - Emiri

Tajikistan - Tajikistani

Israel - Israeli

Laos - Laosian

Kyrgyzstan - Kyrgyzstani

Lebanon - Lebanese

Turkmenistan - Turkmenistani

Singapore - Singaporean

State of Palestine - Palestinian

Oman - Omani

Kuwait - Kuwaiti

Georgia - Georgian

Mongolia - Mongolian

Armenia - Armenian

Qatar - Qatari

Bahrain - Bahraini

Timor-Leste - Timorese

Cyprus - Cypriot

Bhutan - Bhutanese

Maldives - Maldivian

Brunei - Bruneian

Dependencies and other territories in the Asian Continent

Taiwan - Taiwanese

Hong Kong - Hongkonger

Macao - Macanese

Countries and Nationalities in Oceania

Australia - Australian

Papua Nueva Guinea - Papuan

New Zealand - New Zealander

Fiji - Fijian

Solomon Islands - Solomon Islander

Vanuatu - Ni-Vanuatu

Samoa - Samoan

Kiribati - I-Kiribati

Tonga - Tongan

Micronesia - Micronesian

Marshall Islands - Marshallese

Palau - Palauan

Nauru - Nauruan

Tuvalu - Tuvaluan

Dependencies in Oceania

French Polynesia (France) - French Polynesian

New Caledonia (France) - New Caledonian

Guam (U.S.A.) - Guamanian

American Samoa (U.S.A.) - American Samoan

Northern Mariana Islands (U.S.A.) - Northern Mariana Islander

Cook Islands  - Cook Islander

Wallis & Futuna (France) - Wallisian/Futunan

Niue - Niuen

Tokelau (New Zealand) - Tokelauan

Flags Printable Flashcards

To keep practicing this important topic with your little ones download and print these flags flashcards, and start practicing right away! 

African Flags Flashcards

African Flags Flashcards 

African Flags Flashcards

American Flags Flashcards

American Flags Flashcards 

Asian Flags Flashcards

Asian Flags Flashcards Asian Flags Flashcards 2

European Flags Flashcards

European Flags Flashcards European Flags Flashcards 2

Oceania Flags Flashcards

Oceania Flags Flashcards


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