Children with burns and their treatments

Curiosity is an unavoidable part of growing up. Discovering, observing, listening and touching. Unfortunately, there are occasions when that urge to discover the world can end with them receiving some kind of physical injury, a burn for example. Due to this possibility, here we are going to explain how to treat a mild burn to your child’s skin.

Even though many of the burns that children may get can be treated by parents, if there are any doubts about the seriousness of the injury, it is very important to seek professional help at the nearest health care center or hospital. If you are unable to reach a hospital quickly enough, then you must call the emergency services number for your area.

If the burn is not very serious, then you can try to treat the wound at home. Burns are classed into three different levels of severity, first degree burns, second-degree burns and third-degree burns. To determine the type of burn, you must take them to the hospital so that they can inspect the injury. This is how each type of burn is diagnosed:

First degree burns. This type of burn will only affect the top layers of skin. It can still be painful, become red and inflamed but, will not usually require medical care.

Second-degree burns. As well as affecting the top layers of skin, the burn will also affect the bottom layers of skin which may produce blisters, pain, redness, and swelling. If the area affected is larger than two to three inches, then medical assistance will be required.

Third-degree burns. These types of burns affect all of the layers of skin causing the area to become whitened or darkened and may become numb. In this case, you must seek professional care.

Steps to help treat a burn

To treat a mild burn at home, mild being a first-degree burn, you must follow this eight steps:

Place the burned area of skin underneath the cold tap. It is worth considering that ice can sometimes cause more harm to the area, which is why it is recommended to use cold water for up to five minutes or use a wet towel if the skin is very sensitive.

Wash the skin carefully. To put a bandage over the wound, you must make sure that the area is cleaned first using soap that is PH neutral and water. Be very careful around the burned area to not inflict any further damage to the skin.

Make sure that the child is calm. Even though receiving an injury will be a negative experience, try to make sure that they are calm and you make things as least traumatic as possible.

Don’t burst any blisters. If the burn leaves any blisters, it is much better to let the wound heal itself, cleaning the area regularly and using a specific cream to prevent any infections.

Use moisturizing cream. Once the burned area has been cooled down, you can apply a moisturizing cream that will help to sooth the burn as long as there are not any open blisters or cuts in the skin. Aloe vera also provides qualities for calming burns.

Cover the wound with a sterilized bandage. Using a bandage will increase protection against germs and will heal better although it must be changed daily as they get dirty.

When was the last time your child received a tetanus jab? Whenever they have an open wound, you must consider the last time they received a tetanus shot as the effects only last for 10 years.

Remind your child to avoid scratching. If your son or daughter has a habit of scratching, make sure that they don’t, as not only can they leave scars, but they will also increase the chance of an infection.

What about sunburns? If after spending a day at the beach or swimming pool, you find that your children have sunburn, there are many ways to smooth skin and reduce the effects that have been caused such as redness, pain and in the worst cases, heatstroke. In the case of mild burns caused by the sun, you can treat the areas affected by the following:

Take a cold bath or shower. A moment underneath cold water can sooth skin with sunburn. Avoid using perfumes, gels, and creams for at least ten minutes, allowing the skin to dry naturally.

Apply after sun cream. Use these special creams after being exposed to the sun to rehydrate skin.

Drink plenty of water. It is very important for your children to remain hydrated but remember, soft drinks or juices will not substitute for water.

Use damp cloths around sensitive areas. Use damp cloths with cold water around the area affected for twenty to thirty minutes.

Use clothes made from cotton. Loose fitting tops and trousers are ideal for wearing whilst recovering from a sunburn.

Wherever you are, it is always recommendable to be aware of a few pieces of advice for treating your children’s skin against the harmful sun. Always remember to use appropriate sun cream for children and that you apply it correctly around the more sensitive areas.

In conclusion, with mild burns, you are able to continue applying the treatment that has been given to you by medical staff. You must always remember to seek professional advice and equally as important, you must try to minimize the risks to your child while they are trying to discover the world around them.

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