Sunny days are a great ally to enjoy our summer holidays of children and adults. The happiness turns into water, towels and sun umbrellas, an appropriate scenography of wonderful long days of summer where the sun is the main character. But, besides the benefits that the sun has in our organism, it also comes with risks and dangers, especially for the children. How can we protect children from the negative effects of the intense sunlight?
If the skin is exposed to the sun in excess or without the right protection it can harm our children’s skin and in some cases irreparable. That’s why it is relevant to control the time children are exposed to dangerous agents of the sun, like solar radiation, which has become more dangerous with time because of the ozone hole and the decreased of its thickness.
Choosing the right sun lotion is very important the same way it’s important to have some recommendations in mind that parents should do during a day in the beach or swimming pool. Among other things, it is not appropriate to expose to the sun babies that have less than 6 months, because their skin is very sensitive and they haven’t yet developed their capacity to segregate the pigment that protects the skin: melanin.
On top of that, with only 6 months, babies can burn and can dehydrate easily and it’s not convenient to apply sun lotion to their skin because it could cause an allergic reaction. What’s most appropriate is to keep them in the shade, where the sunlight is only a 30% besides applying sun lotions with a physic and not chemical filter which is the one that most cosmetic products use.
From the sixth month, they can be exposed to the sun but only for a little time. And without forgetting to avoid the main hours of the day, when the sunlight impacts more directly. And what about the lotion? The specific products for children have physical mineral filters that protect them from UVA rays, and infrared rays and are waterproof, scratch resistant, heat resistant and sweat proof.
Solar filters are the ingredients that make a sun cream a solar protector. These are substances whose properties are to protect the skin from negative effects of the sun, in other words, a shield. This way, depending if these are mineral or chemical, you obtain chemical or physical filters. What is the difference? The physic filters act as a screen reflecting the light, while the chemical filters capture solar energy and transform them into harmless for the skin.
The protection factor: 25 for children with dark skin and more than 30 for children with lighter skin. Although to avoid any risks, it is better to use a sun cream that includes all of these or factors beyond 50. The timing to apply these is also key for its right use, because it has to be applied half an hour before the exposure to sun and apply again every two hours. We can’t forget to use a cap, a T-shirt and insist when applying sun cream to scalp, chicks, ears, shoulders, arms or soles of the feet.
How to choose the best baby sunscreen
Creams, sprays, gels, sticks, lotions, milk or oils. The market sells a lot of offers for sun creams that our children can use. But, which one is the best for children? When we go to the supermarket to buy one, we find a shelf full of options and that can make it complicated to make a decision. That’s why we leave you with a recap of the qualities that you need to have in mind to choose the best sun cream for your children:
Choose one that specifically says it’s for children because it will be more sensitive
Choose sun creams with physic filters, because those are better for children
Apply sun creams after they are 6 months old
Use a wide range sun cream, so it protects them against any type of rays, UVA or UVB
Choose a high protection factor, around 30
The best sun creams have a greasy texture because that way it penetrates better into the skin
Although it is important to choose the best sun cream that is available, it is also relevant to have in mind that the sun cream needs some time to work. We remind you five relevant aspects to apply it to children:
Apply 30 minutes before the exposure to the sun
Remember to apply it every 2 hours
Apply with generosity: at least 2 milligrams per square centimeter of skin
Cover the whole body
Extend on dry skin, wait for the child to be dry
There might be more expensive sun creams or more economic but what’s important to have in mind, it’s a list of values that we should do when our children are exposed to the sun. In conclusion, the recommendations for children to enjoy the sun are:
Don’t expose children who are under 6 months old
Start to protect from the sun in spring
Avoid the hours during the day with more sunlight
Look for natural shades
Use a hat, sun glasses, and lip balm
Be careful when it’s cloudy too!
In conclusion, the best choice when it comes down to spending a day in the beach or the pool with the family is to keep under control the protection of the skin of our children. If we’re careful when it comes down to the sun, it has beneficial effects but always being careful, that’s why it is important to teach to our children about the importance of taking care of our skin and tell them the harm it can cause the lack of attention to our skin.